A mountain bike is the one thing you obviously need before you go mountain biking, for fun or for fitness. More and more people are buying mountain bikes and the sport is growing at an alarming rate, but do you know what the parts are called and what they do? Fear not, you are not alone, but we can give you a little help right now.A mountain bike contains many parts, but we will discuss the main 24 parts here, with a name and a function. Check the list below:

1.    Bottom bracket - This attaches the crankset to the body of a bike.
2.    Brake cable - This is the cable that connects the brake lever to the brake mechanism.
3.    Brake lever - This is the lever on the handlebar, to activate the brakes. The left side is usually the front brake and the right side is the rear brake.
4.    Chain - The circular set of links that transfer power from the chain ring to the cogs.
5.    Chain ring - The toothed rings that attach to the crank to hold the chain.
6.    Crank - The lever that extends from the bottom bracket to the pedal, transferring the power to the chain rings.
7.    Derailleur - The mechanism for moving the chain from one cog to another.
8.    Down tube - The section of frame that extends downward from the stem to the bottom bracket.
9.    Front shock - The shock absorber on the front fork.
10.  Handlebar - The horizontal bar attached to the stem with handgrips on the end.
11.  Headset - The mechanism in front of the frame that connects the front fork to the stem and handlebars.
12.  Hub - The center part of the wheel that the spokes are attached to.
13.  Idler pulley - The bottom pulley of the rear derailleur that provides spring tension to keep the chain tight.
14.  Nipple - A threaded receptacle that holds the end of the spoke to the rim.
15.  Pedal - The platform to pedal on; attaches to the crank.
16.  Rear shock - The shock absorber for the rear tire on dual suspension type bikes.
17.  Rim - The metal ring that holds the spokes on the inside and the tire to the outside.
18.  Saddle - The seat.
19.  Seat post - Offers support for the seat.
20.  Skewer - The metal rod that goes through the hub, attaching the wheel to the dropouts of the frame.
21.  Spindle - The free rotating axle that the crank arms attach to; also a part of the bottom bracket.
22.  Spokes - The thick wires that join the hub to the rim.
23.  Stem - A piece that attaches the handlebar to the steering tube.
24.  Wheel hub - The center of the wheel that the spokes are attached to.

Okay, so now you know what the parts are called and what they do! Let's take this lesson a bit further and learn how to adjust these parts for best performance.

Mountain Bike Tune Up Tips

During the winter months, you might not have used your bike as much. You've probably spent the time on the couch, eating chips and watching television.  Before you know it, the warmer weather will be back and a new season of mountain biking will begin.  Even though your body may not be in the best shape, these tips will ensure that your bike is.

Before you take your bike out, check the wear and tear on your components and adjust them if it's necessary. 

Start off with your chain.  If you haven't replaced it in a year or more, it's time to do so.  Over time, the individual parts in the chain will get worn out, increasing its effective length.

As this happens, the chain is no longer able to conform to the cog and the teeth of the chain ring, so it wears those teeth out to fit the profile of the chain.  If you can replace the chain before it stretches too much you'll save yourself from having to replace high priced cogs and chain rings.

 Now, check the bearing surfaces.  These include your bottom bracket, hubs, and the headset.  Each of these should turn without a problem and with no play in the system. 

Before checking the bottom bracket, make sure each cranking arm is in snug and tight.  Next, hold on to the crank arm (not the pedal) and wobble it back and forth.  If you hear any clicking or if the crank arm binds, the bottom bracket needs to be adjusted.

Do the exact same thing with your hubs.  Take the wheels off the bike, spin the hub axles, then feel for any free play or binding.  If you feel play or binding, you need to make an adjustment.  To check the headset, start off by putting the newly adjusted wheels back on the bike. 

Now, grab the front brake and pull and push the handle bars back and forth.  There shouldn't be any play.  If you lift the front end off the ground, the fork should turn very smoothly.  If it feels rough, it needs to be either adjusted or replaced.

While you’re looking, check the condition of your cables and housings.  The cables should be rust free and the housing shouldn't be cracked or kinked.  If you see any of this, you should replace the offending device. If you don't, your shifting and braking will be sluggish.

Last, but by no means least, you should inspect your brake pads.  Most pads will have ridges or indicator marks that will let you know when they need to be replaced.  Brake pads that are worn out will compromise both safety and braking efficiency. 

Once you've got the tune ups out of the way, it's time to go for a ride.  With your mountain bike running better than ever, all you have to do now is have fun!

The best part about cycling, is that it is not only fun, but it is very good exercise. Every muscle will be made to work, the heart rate and pulse will be raised and the fat will be burned up.

Stop riding aimlessly. Turn your mileage into high performance training. See massive improvements by riding smarter, not more. MyCycling puts the power to ride faster in your hands. What you've done in the past is probably wrong. If you're wanting to step up a level, in your cycling, without having to neccessarily commit more time, this program will help. Sign up with MyCycling today, and be riding faster in weeks. Click here or copy this link: http://99609zubxxwd5z676za76x6sez.hop.clickbank.net/

Clinton Robson is a South African fitness fanatic and is a qualified Personal Trainer and Exercise Specialist. Clint has been working out since 1996 and has been working in the Fitness Industry since 2001. He has a proven track record, with many success stories. He has worked in several countries around the world and has also run the gyms on 5 and 6 star cruise ships. Clint prides himself with working with many different types of people, even those with illnesses, obesity, hypertension, renal failure, as well as fit people, right up to elite athletes.  He writes articles on many fitness topics, such as training, bodybuilding, working out, fat loss, nutrition, supplements and more. Visit his blog at Fitness And Fatness, by clicking here, or by copying this link: http://www.fitnessandfatless.yolasite.com